The role of Spring and JPA in modernizing manufacturing processes

/ 08.10.2023 Java

Companies realize that digital modernization of manufacturing processes is essential for organizations to remain competitive in today’s business landscape. Companies leading the transformation are reaping many benefits, from increased capacity and reduced material waste to improved customer service and delivery times.  Digitizing processes is crucial in today’s fast-evolving business landscape. Vodafone, one of the world’s largest telecommunications companies used Spring and JPA to modernize their production operations. By harnessing Spring’s lightweight architecture and JPA’s data persistence capabilities, Vodafone was able to develop and deploy new services while reducing operating costs rapidly. This article will focus on how Spring and JPA can modernize manufacturing processes and help companies thrive in the digital age.

The role of Spring and Spring Boot in enterprise application development

Spring, a popular open-source framework, provides end-to-end infrastructure support for developing Java applications, especially for enterprise and web-based systems. It encompasses dependency injection, aspect programming, web MVC, security, data access, messaging, testing, and cloud integration. With Spring Boot, a separate solution based on Spring, you can quickly and easily develop microservices-based applications. It has numerous pre-built tools and libraries that make application development easy. Spring Boot adopts a modular and flexible approach to application development, simplifying tasks such as dependency injection, aspect-oriented programming, and transaction management. You can read more about the differences between Spring vs. Spring Boot in the article Spring Framework vs. Spring Boot – pros and cons. One of the most useful Spring components is the Spring Data framework, which is based on JPA. Its main advantage lies in simplifying the work of developers who often use database access in their projects using ORM. It substantially reduces the need for writing access code or database queries.

What is JPA?

JPA stands for Java Persistence API, a standard specification for accessing, managing, and persisting data between Java objects and relational databases. JPA is a Java-based object-relational mapping (ORM) specification that enables Java applications to interact with relational databases seamlessly. It provides an object-oriented API for database operations, minimizing low-level SQL query requirements.

JPA vs Hibernate

As we mentioned, JPA defines relational data management in Java applications. Hibernate is one of the ORM mapping tools used to store a Java object’s state in a database as a specification. JPA frameworks such as Hibernate and EclipseLink simplify the process of mapping Java objects to database tables and vice versa, making database access more intuitive and efficient for developers. JPA data management

An example of using Spring Boot and JPA in manufacturing companies

The following example illustrates Spring and JPA’s use in digitizing manufacturing processes. Suppose a manufacturing company wants to implement a web-based system that can monitor and control the production process of its components. The system should be able to:
  • Collect data from sensors and machines on the production floor
  • Store them in the database
  • Analyze them using artificial intelligence algorithms
  • Present the results on a dashboard accessible to operators and managers.
  • Send commands to machines to adjust production parameters based on analysis results
A company can develop such a system using Spring Boot as the main web application framework. Spring Boot is a standalone solution built upon the Spring Framework that simplifies the configuration and deployment of Spring-based applications. It provides a set of boot dependencies that automatically configure the required application components, such as the web server, database driver, security, etc. A company can also use Spring Data JPA as a data access layer for applications, which provides an easy way to implement JPA-based repositories. This eliminates the necessity to write standard code for CRUD (create, read, update, delete) operations and supports advanced features such as sorting, auditing, etc. The following code snippet shows an example of using Spring Boot and JPA to create a web application that can control databases. 1. Spring Boot Class: (package pl.vm.example) Spring Boot Class 2. Rest Controller: The API’s entry point for the application Rest Controller: The API's entry point for the application 3. DTO and UpdateProductionStatusCommand objects: Utilized by the API DTO and UpdateProductionStatusCommand objects_1DTO and UpdateProductionStatusCommand objects_2 4. Service: Responsible for executing business logic Service: Responsible for executing business logic 5. Product Model: Represents product data in the database and is mapped to JPA Product Model: Represents product data in the database and is mapped to JPA 6. ProductRepository: Enables database access through the Spring Data JPA extension. ProductRepository: Enables database access through the Spring Data JPA extension. The logic inside these endpoints can be customized to meet specific requirements. For instance, you can retrieve data from a database using SpringData JPA repositories or interact with external systems to control the production process.

The use of JPA and Spring Boot in the digitization of manufacturing processes

Here are some examples of the use of Spring Boot and JPA in manufacturing companies:
  • Services, implementation, and organization of the repository
Most Spring Boot applications have JPA repositories, services, and their implementations. Repositories perform basic operations on the database, while services perform business logic before or after working with the database. The interface and implementation pattern is an extension of the latter. Having an interface makes it easier to maintain the application in the future if new features are needed.
  • Inventory management
Manufacturing companies can use Spring Boot and JPA to manage inventory. For example, they can use Spring Boot to create a microservice that provides real-time tracking of inventory levels. Additionally, JPA can work with databases using objects, simplifying business logic implementation.
  • Quality control
Spring Boot and JPA can be used to implement quality control processes in manufacturing companies. For example, they can use Spring Boot to create a microservice that checks product quality at various stages of production. They can also use JPA to store quality control data in a database.
  • Production Planning
Manufacturing companies can use Spring Boot and JPA to schedule production schedules, using this technology to create a microservice that generates production schedules based on demand forecasts. Furthermore, JPA can store and manage production data in a database.

Best practices for implementing Spring and JPA

When deploying Spring and JPA in production processes, it is important to follow best practices to ensure data security, optimize performance, and ease of maintenance. Here are some strategies to consider:

1. Data security

  • Validating user input prevents common security vulnerabilities such as SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks
  • Implementing secure authentication and authorization mechanisms to control access to sensitive data and functions
  • Confidential configuration information, such as database credentials, should be stored securely. Avoid hard-coding confidential information in source code or configuration files
  • Encryption techniques are used to protect sensitive data at rest and during transmission

2. Performance optimization

  • Define appropriate indexes on frequently searched columns to improve query performance
  • Implementing caching mechanisms can reduce database loads and improve response times
  • Optimizing database queries by selecting only the required columns will help avoid unnecessary data retrieval
  • The use of connection pooling will improve the management of database connections

3. Ease of maintenance

  • Following the principles of Modular Design to create loosely related components will make them easier to understand, test, and maintain
  • Reuse of closed code in separate modules or libraries will enable its reuse
  • Writing comprehensive unit tests to verify the correctness of individual components and ensure that changes do not introduce regressions
  • Implementing CI/CD pipelines to automate compilation, testing, and deployment processes will ensure faster feedback cycles and more reliable releases
These best practices can improve your manufacturing processes’ safety, efficiency, and maintainability.


Utilizing Spring’s microservices architecture and JPA’s object-relational mapping capabilities can empower organizations to optimize operations, reduce time-to-market for new services, and achieve greater cost savings. However, following best practices when implementing these technologies is important to ensure data security, performance optimization, and maintenance. Please contact us if you would like to consult with high-end Java developers on digitizing your systems. We will happily guide you on the road to modernizing your processes.
Category: Java

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